Barbour, John

(?1316-1395)
   Archdeacon of Aberdeen and author of a Scottish national epic of 13,000 lines, The Bruce, which celebrates the story of the War of Independence and the deeds of King Robert of Scotland and James Douglas at the Battle of Bannockburn, 1314. Barbour helped in the negotiations for ransoming King David II, who had been a prisoner in England after his capture in the Battle of Neville's Cross (1346). He enjoyed royal favor and in 1388 was given a life pension from Robert II. "Bruce's address to his captains before Bannockburn" is written in broad Scots. It is a poem of praise for the gallant Scots who preferred death to slavery. A translation by Archie Duncan can be found at www2.arts.gla.ac.uk/SESLL/STELLA/STARN/poetry/BRUS/intro.htm.
   Sources: Canongate Books Ltd (www.canongate.net). Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. Great Books Online (www.bartleby.com). Oldpoetry (www.oldpoetry.com). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barbour, John — • Scottish ecclesiastic and author of The Bruce , a historical poem in the early Scottish or Northern English dialect, b. about 1320; d. 1395 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Barbour, John      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Barbour, John — (ca. 1316–1395)    John Barbour was a 14th century Scottish poet, known chiefly for his patriotic 13,000 line verse chronicle The BRUCE (1375), an account of the reign and military victories of the Scottish King Robert the Bruce and his disciple… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Barbour, John — ▪ Scottish author Barbour also spelled  Barbere, or Barbier   born 1325? died March 13, 1395, Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Scot.       author of a Scottish national epic known as The Bruce, the first major work of Scottish literature.       Records… …   Universalium

  • BARBOUR, JOHN —    a Scotch poet and chronicler, archdeacon of Aberdeen, a man of learning and sagacity; his only extant work a poem entitled The Bruce, being a long history in rhyme of the life and achievements of Robert the Bruce, a work consisting of 13,000… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Barbour, John — (1316? 1395)    Poet. Of B. s youth nothing is certainly known, but it is believed that he was b. near Aberdeen, and studied at Oxford and Paris. He entered the Church, and rose to ecclesiastical preferment and Royal favour. He is known to have… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Barbour —     John Barbour     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Barbour     Scottish ecclesiastic and author of The Bruce , a historical poem in the early Scottish or Northern English dialect, b. about 1320; d. 1395. He was already Archdeacon of Aberdeen in… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • John III Comyn, Lord of Badenoch — or John the Red , also known simply as the Red Comyn, (died 10 February 1306), was a Scottish nobleman who was Lord of Badenoch. His father, another John Comyn, known as the Black Comyn, was one of the Competitors for the Crown of Scotland,… …   Wikipedia

  • John Comyn, Earl of Buchan — (died 1308) was a Scottish nobleman and an important opponent of King Robert I of Scotland in the civil war that paralleled the War of Scottish Independence. He should not be confused with the better known John III Comyn, Lord of Badenoch, who… …   Wikipedia

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